What is a Reporting Currency?
The currency in which your business generates financial statements is a reporting currency. Conversion from local currencies to one or more reporting currencies is supported by planning. All users have read-only access to converted reporting currency values that are stored. The default reporting currency is the default currency for an application. A currency can no longer be used as a reporting currency.
A parent organization’s financial statements are prepared in a reporting currency. Typically, an organization’s native country’s currency serves as the reporting currency. A multinational company must convert the reporting of its subsidiaries in other nations to the reporting currency before issuing financial statements in that currency.
Understanding a Reporting Currency
Numerous multinational corporations have operations in other nations, necessitating frequent currency conversions. When this is the case, the reporting currency is used by the business’s home office or parent company to generate the financial statements.
To produce financial reports for multicurrency firms, accountants must change foreign currencies into a single reporting currency at the present exchange rate. Numerous accounting standards specify a common methodology for carrying out this translation to standardize the procedure. This makes it easier to present these financial reports with as much transparency as possible.
Aiming for the financial statements to be consolidated, other satellite sites or subsidiaries that operate daily in a different currency—referred to as the local currency—must change their financial statements into the reporting currency. This process frequently referred to as translating foreign currencies, is carried out using either the temporal or current rate conversion technique.
An illustration of a Reporting Currency
Japan and France are home to The Alaskan Barrel Company (ABC) subsidiaries. The United States is where it has its head office. ABC must first convert the financials of its French Company from euros to dollars and that of its Japanese business from yen to dollars to publish consolidated financial statements. In this instance, ABC’s reporting currency is in U.S. dollars.
Another example is that The Company switched from using the U.S. dollar as its reporting currency to the Euro as of January 1, 2002. This adjustment is necessary since a sizable portion of the Company’s business transactions were initially settled in euros. The Company’s reporting currency and working currency are now the same. The financial statements for the years then ended have been recast in Euros in conformity with Statement of Financial Accounts Standards No. 52, “Foreign Currency Translation” (“SFAS 52”). The financial statements for preceding years thus reflect the same patterns as those for prior years that were given in U.S. dollars.
A company’s monetary unit to record its transactions and display its financial results is known as the reporting currency. Accounting currency, presentation currency, and reporting currency are all synonyms for one another. The reporting currency is typically also the Company’s “functional currency,” meaning the currency in which it makes and spends cash predominantly.
For instance, when submitting a consolidated report for its parent in a foreign nation, a company may choose to show its financial accounts in a currency other than its functional currency. A business may select its reporting currency but cannot alter its functional currency.